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Yorkies: General Information

yorkshire terrier

What are they?

Yorkies, or Yorkshire Terriers, are a small and sometimes toy-sized, breed of dogs (see the image to the right). They have a small head which is rather flat on top and have a medium-sized muzzle with a black nose. Their teeth meet in a scissor-like leveled bite. They have medium sized dark eyes outlined with dark eye rims and erected V-shaped ears. Their four legs are all straight when looking at them from the front and they have black toenails; their dewclaws are usually removed. Their tail is usually set at a medium length and carried a bit higher than their back. They have a long and glossy coat of fur, fine and silky which falls down on each side of their bodies. The coat is usually a color mix between steel blue and tan. their body and tail is blue while the rest of their body is tan. However, these puppies are tan, brown, and black. They have lots of hair on their head which often deters their vision so it is necessary to hold it up with a band, similar accessory, or have it cut shorter.

Where did they come from?

Yorkie puppies originated in north England, where working class men used a breed of hunting dogs for catching and killing mice and rats that would populate mine shafts and clothing mills. These dogs were used to penetrate small crevices, such as fox and badger burrows. Although the Yorkshire Terrier is not an old breed, their exact origin story is not entirely certain. However, they date back to the Scotsmen who came to England seeking work. They would bring with them various breeds of terriers, some of which include the Manchester Terrier, Skye Terrier, Maltese, Dandie Dinmont, and the Clydesdale/Paisley Terries (now extinct). These were then crossed with the local dogs found in England, such as the longhaired Leeds Terrier. Originally, these were much bigger dogs than they exist today, but by selectively breeding only the smallest dogs of each breed, smaller and smaller Yorkshires were bred over the years. They turned into a fashion-dog and women would carry these little creatures around with them in their arms and bags. Yorkshire Terriers were first recognized as a breed of dogs in 1885 by the AKC. And in 1984, a new type of dog emerged: the Pieblad Yorkshire. This came about by a recessive gene occurrence in the breeding of two Yorkshire Terriers. Today, they are considered a distinct breed and are known as Biewers.


How do they behave?

Although they are really small, Yorkshire Terriers seem to be really oblivious to their size. Because of this, they are really energetic, loyal, clever, and always eager for adventure! Owners who learn how to properly take care of these puppies will have a wonderful companion for years to come. They are very affectionate to their master, but if it is led by a human, these dogs may become very suspicious of strangers and become aggressive with other small animals or dogs. These dogs may also become “yappy” as they will try their best to tell you what they want you to do for them. Be careful not to spoil your dog due to this, because in the long run they may become aggressive towards you if their needs are not satisfied. Because of this, and other hazards covered in the previously linked care guide, it is recommended that these dogs are given to older children as pets. Children must be at an age where they understand responsibility and know how to care for the puppies. Young children may unintentionally harm these tender puppies. However, Yorkshires can be trained to prevent this from happening.

They are excellent watch dogs and because of this they may be difficult to housebreak at first. Owners who showcase pack leadership to their dogs will receive kindness from their dogs and will know that they will be kind around their children too. However, never let your dog take over your house (as mentioned before, do not spoil them). They will act assertive and aggressive if they notice that you are not their master; they will act as your master instead. Aside from that, these puppies are really sweet dogs who need understanding owners to care for them and lead them. If you’re the proud owner of a pup that doesn’t display any of these negative behaviors, pat yourself on the back for being a great owner!